What is a repair attempt?
A repair attempt is the replacement or adjustment of a part or component to correct a defect or condition. Only a repair performed by the manufacturer or its authorized dealer or agent can count as a repair attempt under the Lemon Law. If the dealership inspects or test-drives the vehicle without making any repairs, and you later prove that repair work should have been done, this visit would also count as a repair attempt. To document repair attempts, you will need to get a copy of the repair order for each repair visit.
If your complaint involves a motor home, read your warranty materials carefully to determine the authorized dealer or agent for repair. Also, if your vehicle is a motor home and, while traveling, you go to an authorized dealer or repair facility that does not have the parts necessary to repair the defect or condition, and, rather than wait for the parts, you elect to continue traveling and have repairs performed at another repair facility, the visit to the first repair facility does not count as a repair attempt.
How many repair attempts must you allow the manufacturer?
The law sets forth three ways to satisfy the repair attempts requirement:
- For most problems the manufacturer is given three attempts, or opportunities, to repair the defect or condition.
- When the defect or condition qualifies as a “serious safety defect,” the manufacturer is given just one attempt to repair the problem. A serious safety defect is one that is life-threatening or likely to result in bodily injury if not corrected. This distinction is important, because the burden is on you to prove the dangerous nature of the defect. So if you are experiencing a problem that you believe is safety-related but not life-threatening, you should allow three repair attempts.
- A vehicle is deemed to have met the repair attempts requirement when it has been out of service by reason of repair for at least a total of 30 days. In this event, you count the cumulative days out of service instead of individual repair attempts. The vehicle may be out of service for the repair of one or more defects. The days out of service may accrue during one repair visit or over several visits.
You calculate the days out of service for each visit starting on the day you submit your vehicle for repair of a defect or condition (if dropped off before the close of business) through the day the work is completed. Weekends and holidays count toward the 30 days if your vehicle is in for repair during that time. If the vehicle is at the authorized dealer or facility exclusively for any of the following reasons, then do not include those days in your calculations:
- for routine maintenance
- for problems that are not nonconformities (e.g., hail damage)
- for any repairs performed after the expiration of the Lemon Law rights period
You will need to get a copy of the repair order for each repair visit to document both the repair attempt and the number of days the vehicle was out of service.
When do the repair attempts have to be made?
The reasonable number of repair attempts must be made within the Lemon Law rights period of two years or 24,000 miles, whichever occurred first.
Are repair order receipts important?
Repair orders are a critical piece of evidence for proving your claim. Obtaining complete records each time you take your vehicle in for repair will help you document the entire repair history for all reported problems and that a reasonable number of attempts occurred within the Lemon Law rights period. At a Lemon Law arbitration or court proceeding, the burden of proof will be on you to show that your vehicle is a “lemon.” The mileage on your vehicle at the time of the first repair visit is used in the calculation of any repurchase award due you (see Step 3). That repair order will be your best evidence to prove the mileage.
Is the dealer required to give me a repair order each time I take my vehicle in for repairs?
Yes. You are entitled by law to a copy of a detailed repair order itemizing all work done on your vehicle, even when no repairs are performed but the vehicle is inspected or test-driven. O.C.G.A. Section 10-1-783(d) of the Georgia Lemon Law states:
Each time the consumer's new motor vehicle is returned from being diagnosed or repaired, the manufacturer, its authorized agent, or the new motor vehicle dealer shall provide to the consumer a fully itemized and legible statement or repair order containing a general description of the problem reported by the consumer; the date and the odometer reading when the vehicle was submitted for repair; the date and odometer reading when the vehicle was made available to the consumer; the results of any diagnostic test, inspection or test-drive; a description of any diagnosis or problem identified by the manufacturer, its authorized agent, or the new motor vehicle dealer; and an itemization of all work performed on the vehicle, including, but not limited to, parts and labor.
What should I do when I take my vehicle in?
- Give the service writer a clear description of all the problems you are experiencing.
- If you have an intermittent problem (one that comes and goes), be as detailed as possible in describing the nature and frequency of the problem and the circumstances when it occurs.
- Make sure the service writer takes down all of the information you provide.
- Or, leave a written summary of this information for the service writer (particularly if you plan to drop the vehicle off during non-business hours).
When I pick up my vehicle, what should I look for on the repair order?
At the time the dealer gives you a copy of the repair order, examine it to make sure it includes:
- The date and mileage when you took the vehicle in for repair.
- A description of the problem you reported and the results of any inspection or test-drive for that problem.
- A description of any and all work performed and parts replaced.
- The work completion date and mileage.
What should I do if the dealer will not give me a copy of the repair order?
- Ask to see the service manager or general manager.
- Be polite, but insist on receiving a copy of the repair order before you leave the dealership.
- If you are still unable to obtain the repair order, send the dealership a written request for a copy as soon as possible. In your letter include:
- The year, make and model of your vehicle;
- The vehicle identification number;
- The date of your repair visit;
- The problems you reported; and
- The names or titles of the dealership personnel with whom you spoke concerning that repair visit.
- Send the letter by certified mail, return receipt requested, to the attention of the dealership's CEO, President or General Manager. Ask the dealer to provide a copy of the repair order within ten days of receipt of your letter.
- Send a copy of the letter to the manufacturer at the address found in your owner's manual and/or warranty manual.
- Be sure to keep a copy of your letter for your records.
Should you have any questions regarding the “reasonable number of attempts” provisions, or if neither the dealer nor the manufacturer will give you a copy of your repair order, call our office at 404-458-3827 for further assistance.
What to Do Next
- If the defect or condition is corrected during this stage, the Lemon Law has served its purpose and the process ends here.
- If you have satisfied the “reasonable number of attempts” required for a serious safety defect (at least one repair attempt) or any other defect (at least three repair attempts for the same defect or condition) within the Lemon Law rights period, but it still has not been fixed, you should proceed to Step 2.
Please note: If you believe you have a safety-related problem but do not know if it rises to the level of a serious safety defect, please call our office at 404-458-3827 before proceeding to Step 2.
- If your vehicle has been out of service for a cumulative total of 30 days by reason of repair of one or more defects within the Lemon Law rights period, you can skip Step 2 and proceed to Step 3.
- Otherwise, you should continue to take the vehicle for repair until you have satisfied the required number of repair attempts or days out of service within the Lemon Law rights period.
IMPORTANT: Remember, there is a one-year time limit to file for arbitration, should you need it, from the date your Lemon Law rights period expires. While your repair attempts had to be made within the Lemon Law rights period of two years or 24,000 miles, whichever occurred first, you must complete Steps 2 and 3 and submit your completed State Arbitration Application within one year of the expiration of the Lemon Law rights period. Do not delay and lose your right to proceed.
How Do I Start the Lemon Law Process?
This step-by-step guide will help you navigate the Lemon Law Process. It provides information about each step up to submitting your application for State-Operated Arbitration.
If your problem appears to be corrected but resurfaces later, in most cases you will not have to start the process over from the beginning. You may resume your complaint at the appropriate step.
If you have any questions after reading the instructions, or if you have a specific situation not described in this summary, feel free to call the Georgia Department of Law's Consumer Protection Division at 404-458-3827. However, please understand that we cannot give you legal advice or act as your private attorney.
Step 1: Reasonable Number of Repair Attempts
If you believe your vehicle has a defect, you must establish that a reasonable number of attempts occurred within the Lemon Law rights period, regardless of the length of the manufacturer’s warranty. The Lemon Law rights period is the period ending two years from the date the vehicle was originally delivered to you, or after the first 24,000 miles of operation following original delivery of the vehicle to you—whichever occurs first.Step 1 Accordion
Step 2: Final Repair Attempt
After your vehicle has been subject to repair at least three times for the same defect or condition which has not been corrected - or at least once for a serious safety defect which has not been corrected - you must allow the manufacturer an opportunity to make a final attempt to repair.
You may use the form titled Final Repair Opportunity Notice (Form A), or you may write a letter to the manufacturer with the following information:
- Your contact information (address and phone numbers);
- The vehicle’s year, make, model and identification number (VIN);
- The current odometer reading;
- The date the vehicle was originally delivered to you;
- The name and address of the selling or leasing dealer
- The date the vehicle was registered in Georgia, only if purchased or leased in another state;
- The defect or condition;
- The facility/facilities at which repair attempts were made;
- The dates of repair; and
- That the defect or condition still exists.
The notice or letter must be sent by either overnight mail delivery or certified mail, return receipt requested, to the manufacturer at the address provided in the owner’s manual. (You should also send a copy of your letter or Form A to us for our records. Mail it or fax it to 404-651-9018.)
Record the tracking number. After the manufacturer receives the notice or letter, you should receive the green card or other receipt or you can get proof-of-delivery information from the overnight courier service. If for some reason, you do not receive the proof of delivery, track the delivery online through the delivery service and print out the proof for your records. The card, receipt or delivery information will show the date the manufacturer was notified of your request for a final repair attempt. Keep this proof of delivery for your records.
By no later than the close of business on the seventh (7th) day following receipt of your final repair request, the manufacturer must notify you of a reasonably accessible repair facility. If the 7th day falls on a weekend or holiday, the next business day shall constitute the 7th day. The manufacturer can respond in writing or by telephone, or may not respond at all.
- If the manufacturer responds by telephone within the required seven-day time frame to notify you of a repair facility that is reasonably accessible, note in your records the date of the phone call and the pertinent information.
- If the manufacturer responds in writing to designate a repair facility that is reasonably accessible, the postmark date governs whether the response is within the seven-day time requirement.
If the manufacturer designates a reasonably accessible repair facility by the seven-day deadline, the manufacturer has a limited number of days, depending upon when you deliver your vehicle to the repair facility, to correct the defect or condition. If the final repair attempt has not been completed within 14 days from the date you dropped off your vehicle, please call us at 404-458-3827.
A reasonably accessible repair facility is a facility located within 60 miles of your residence or the location of your vehicle if it is not at your residence. However, if the manufacturer has no facility within the 60-mile distance, it is the closest one to your residence or the vehicle’s location. If the manufacturer notifies you of a repair facility that is more than 60 miles from your residence or the vehicle’s location, please call us at 404-458-3827.
Important note to consumers with motor homes If your complaint involves a motor home, you would also write such a letter or use the Final Repair Opportunity Notice form. Your request must be sent to all known manufacturers of the motor home, including both the vehicle and the chassis, regardless of which manufacturer you believe is responsible for repairing the problem. You should call Georgia Department of Law's Consumer Protection Division at 404-458-3827 if you have any questions about this procedure.
What to Do Next
If the manufacturer did not designate a repair facility within seven days, you will be deemed to have met the requirement for a final repair attempt. You may proceed to Step 3.
If the manufacturer did designate a repair facility within seven days, and
- the defect or condition is corrected after a final opportunity to repair, the Lemon Law process is complete at this stage, and you do not need to proceed further.
- the defect or condition is not corrected after a final opportunity to repair, you may continue to Step 3.
Keep in mind that if the defect or condition does not recur immediately but reappears at a later date, you may pick up at this point and proceed to Step 3.
IMPORTANT: Remember, you have one year from the date your Lemon Law rights period expires to file your completed State Arbitration Application. If you are eligible to proceed to Step 3, you should do so as soon as possible.
Step 3: Request for Repurchase or Replacement
When you have met the requirements of Steps 1 and 2, or you have met the requirements of Step 1 and your vehicle has been out of service by reason of repair for a cumulative total of thirty (30) days within the Lemon Law rights period, you can request that the manufacturer either repurchase your vehicle (buy it back; that is, take it back and give you a refund) or provide you with a new replacement vehicle.
Whether you purchased or leased your new motor vehicle, a replacement vehicle would be identical or at least equivalent to that vehicle. The manufacturer would also pay you an amount equal to any reasonable incidental expenses associated with the repair of your vehicle, such as towing, alternate transportation or repair charges, plus any charges you might incur as a result of the replacement transaction. You are not responsible to pay an offset for use.
If your vehicle is repurchased, a refund to you for a vehicle you bought would include:
- The purchase price (the cash price of the vehicle indicated in the contract, including any reasonable allowance for a trade-in vehicle);
- Collateral charges (including but not limited to sales tax and other government charges, dealer charges, dealer-installed items, extended warranty, and all interest you paid on any loan from a lending institution);
- Incidental expenses associated with repairing the vehicle, such as towing, alternate transportation or repair charges;
- Minus a deduction or offset for use based on a formula that includes the purchase price and the miles you put on the vehicle up until the time of the first repair visit for the defect or condition [(Purchase Price x Miles) ÷ 120,000].
If your vehicle is a motor home, the formula is (Purchase Price x Miles) ÷ 90,000.
If your purchase was financed, the manufacturer, at the time of repurchase, would pay the amount you owe on the remaining balance (principal) to the lending institution. This amount would be subtracted from the refund to you.
If your vehicle is repurchased, a refund to you for a vehicle you leased would include:
- All payments made by you under the lease agreement;
- The amount allowed for any trade-in;
- Incidental expenses associated with the repair of the vehicle, such as towing, alternate transportation or repair charges;
- Minus a deduction or offset for use based upon a formula that includes the purchase price (which is the agreed-upon value of the vehicle shown in the lease agreement) and the miles you put on the vehicle up until the time of the first repair visit for the defect or condition [(Purchase Price x Miles) ÷ 120,000].
If your vehicle is a motor home, the formula is (Purchase Price x Miles) ÷ 90,000.
You would have no further obligations to the leasing company, provided you did not owe the company any past-due charges.
If your vehicle is repurchased, any credit card or other awards program points you used to purchase or lease your vehicle will be credited back to that account.Step 3 Accordion
Step 4: Certified Informal Dispute Settlement Program (Currently Not Applicable - Skip to Step 5)
Currently no manufacturer has a certified program in Georgia. All consumers should proceed to Step 5.
- You must file your completed State Arbitration Application within one (1) year of the expiration of your Lemon Law rights period.
- You are not required to participate in any non-certified informal dispute settlement program, including the Better Business Bureau AUTO LINE, the National Center for Dispute Settlement (NCDS), CAP-Motors, etc., before submitting your State Arbitration Application to this office.
If you have any questions, please call us at 404-458-3827.
Step 5: State-Operated Arbitration
State arbitration is a process that is available to you and the manufacturer in a Lemon Law dispute. Each of the parties is allowed to present its side of the story in a structured but informal manner. You, as the consumer, have the burden of convincing the arbitration panel that you, your vehicle and the defect are covered by the law, that you followed all the required steps, and that you are entitled to either the repurchase or replacement of your vehicle.
You must submit the completed application form to Georgia Department of Law's Consumer Protection Division within one (1) year of the expiration of your Lemon Law rights period, or within 60 days from the conclusion of a certified informal dispute program proceeding, whichever occurs later.
Once you have complete the applicable steps, call the Georgia Department of Law's Consumer Protection Division at 404-458-3827 for an application. An original application form will be provided to you. Complete and return it as soon as possible. Please note that the application form you return to us must be the original application form provided to you or your attorney by this office. Any non-original application form received will be returned.
Along with your application, Georgia Department of Law's Consumer Protection Division requires certain documents from you to verify your preliminary eligibility for a state-run arbitration hearing. Be sure to attach copies (not the originals) of any documents that help prove your claim. Keep your original documents, as you will need them for your hearing.
Georgia Department of Law's Consumer Protection Division will review the application to determine whether you have met the requirements and, if so, will submit your application to a state-operated arbitration panel. If Georgia Department of Law's Consumer Protection Division finds problems with your application, we will notify you.
If you submit a timely application after completing the previous steps and your dispute is deemed eligible for state arbitration, you should know that:
- If you leased your new motor vehicle, you will have to notify the leasing company (to whom you are making payments) that your dispute was accepted for state arbitration. The panel will send you information on this requirement and a form for you to complete and mail to the leasing company.
- An arbitration hearing will be scheduled at a reasonably convenient location within 40 days from the date your dispute was deemed eligible. The panel will notify you of the time, date and location of the hearing. The hearing will be held within 120 miles of your residence, if you reside in Georgia.
- While one arbitrator is normally assigned to hear a Lemon Law case, due to the complexity of issues and the number of parties involves, three arbitrators are assigned to hear motor home cases. Each arbitrator will either be an attorney licensed to practice law in Georgia or an individual with at least two years’ experience in professional arbitration or dispute resolution. Arbitrators will not be affiliated with the manufacture, distribution, sale, lease or servicing of motor vehicles.
- Between the time your application is submitted and the hearing takes place, you and the manufacturer must exchange information on state-approved forms. Georgia Department of Law's Consumer Protection Division will furnish you these forms, including instructions and deadlines.
- At your hearing:
- You will need to bring all relevant documents.
- You will present evidence, and witnesses may testify on your behalf (assuming proper notice has been given).
- You are not required to have an attorney present, although this is permissible.
- A representative of the vehicle manufacturer will be present and may present evidence.
- Other witnesses may testify on behalf of the manufacturer (also assuming proper notice has been given).
- Your vehicle should be present for the arbitrator(s) to observe the defect or condition if needed.
If the arbitration decision is in your favor:
- You will be awarded your choice of either a repurchase or a replacement of your vehicle.
- If the award is a replacement vehicle, you will also receive incidental costs, if applicable (see Step 3 for specific details regarding a replacement vehicle).
- If the award is a repurchase, you will also receive collateral charges and, if applicable, incidental costs, minus a deduction for use (see Step 3 for specific details regarding a refund to you).
- It is within the discretion of the arbitrator(s) to award you attorney’s fees and expert witness costs.
- The manufacturer has (30 days to either appeal the decision or 40 days to comply with it.
If the arbitration decision is in favor of the manufacturer, no remedy will be awarded and your case against the manufacturer will be dismissed.
What to Do Next
- If the decision is in your favor and the manufacturer complies with it, the process is complete. If the manufacturer does not appeal the decision and fails to comply with it within the 40-day period, contact Georgia Department of Law's Consumer Protection Division at 404-651-9396.
- If the manufacturer appeals a decision in your favor, the decision is admissible in evidence. At this point, your dispute moves from arbitration to the judicial system and you should retain a private attorney to represent you. If you prevail in court, your recovery will include the arbitrator’s award and all costs and charges you incurred as a result of the appeal, including expert witness fees, attorney’s fees and court costs.
- If the decision is not in your favor, you have 30 days to appeal it in superior court. The decision is admissible in evidence. Should you seek an appeal, it is recommended that a private attorney represent you.
- If the decision is not in your favor and you do not appeal, the Lemon Law process has ended for the arbitrated defect or condition.